India has as many as 18 biosphere reserves, which are actually specialised environments, where flora and fauna require nurturing and protection. These reserves are studied and managed for conservation of different types of life forms that are available here. The flora and fauna found in this area are subjects of natural and scientific interest.
And India’s location towards the south of the world’s largest mountains is naturally surrounded by open water from three sides, which provides an ideal habitat for a diverse range of flora and fauna to flourish. Needless to say, these reserves surely deserve a visit. Check out this list of 5 biosphere reserves, which we have curated from the list of 18 so that you are sorted from where to start at least.
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve
It is one of the most popular biosphere reserves in India and a well-known national park and wildlife sanctuary in South India. Located in the foothills of the famed Nilgiri hills, the meeting point of Western and Eastern Ghats, the location of the reserve itself will infuse curiosity in your heart. Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve is home to fauna that includes around 350 species of birds, 39 species of fish, 316 species of butterflies, 80 species of reptiles, and much more. Nilgiri also boasts of being home to Nilgiri tahr and lion-tailed macaque, which belongs to the category of endangered species.
The Nilgiris are always known to attract tourists in huge numbers because of their scenic beauty and weather conditions. Travelling and accommodation will not be a problem here; pack your bags and go explore this region.
Nanda Devi Biosphere
Being established in 1982, this biosphere reserve is situated around the peak of Nanda Devi in Uttarakhand. Sitting at an elevation of 3500 m above the mean sea level, Nanda Devi Biosphere should be a part of one of your travel goals. This part has majorly remained intact because of its inaccessibility. Home to more than 300 varieties of flora, the reserve is also an ideal place for birds, several species of butterflies and much more. Best time to visit this place is from May to October in case you are planning a trip any time soon.
Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve
Established in 1999 for the preservation and protection of wildlife, the Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve in Madhya Pradesh is a prominent part of Satpura Range. There are three wildlife conservation units that come under the ambit of this reserve, i.e., the Pachmarhi Sanctuary, the Bori Sanctuary and the Satpura National Park. The diverse flora and fauna in this region and large tribal population make this reserve geographically and topographically unique. Home to a variety of soil formations and geological rocks, the entire area will require an ample amount of time to be explored fully. In case you are able to plan an ideal itinerary, this is the place for you.
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
It is a large shallow bay that lies between the southern tip of India and the west coast of Sri Lanka. The park was declared Biosphere Reserve in 1989 and is home to 3600 rare species of flora and fauna. Public access in the Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park is limited to glass bottom boat rides. As per records, there are around 2200 species of finfish available here, thereby making it one of the most desirable spots to visit. The nearest railways stations are Tuticorin and Mandapam, in case you are keen to book tickets to this place.
Sundarbans Biosphere Reserve
It’s a World Heritage Site and a trip to this place will be a memorable experience for a naturelover. A huge variety of flora and fauna blesses this spot and is densely covered by mangrove forests. It is also one of the largest reserves for Bengal tiger and home to a variety of birds, invertebrate species and salt-water crocodile. The Sundarbans also provide livelihoods to hundreds of people and receives tourists in large numbers every year. Getting here won’t be much of a hassle, so planning your next trip to this place might be a game changer.